To put out a fire, you must remove any of the fire ingredients. Water is the most commonly used method for putting out a fire. The water removes heat from the fire by chilling it. Water also suffocates the fire, robbing it of oxygen.
Water is the best tool for putting out a fire. But don't forget these other handy tools:
A fire extinguisher can put out smaller fires quickly and safely. Make sure to follow the instructions on your particular product.
Breathing equipment can include a self-inflating life vest or a portable air tank. This will give first responders enough time to get close to an accident scene and help those who may be suffering from smoke inhalation.
Flashlights are great tools for firefighters to see what's going on around them while they're fighting a blaze. They also provide light where there is no electricity, such as in a building collapse situation.
Fire blankets can protect people from the heat of a fire and help them escape safely. Fire blankets work by keeping burning material at a low temperature for several hours. You can find fire blankets in every home with the use of a match or lighter. Never use water to put out a fire unless it is actually a water hazard!
Smoke alarms are very important for saving lives during fire situations.
Some firemen utilize foam instead of water. This increases cooling capacity and reduces risk of injury from falling objects.
The type of material that a fire burns determines how much damage it can do before being controlled. For example, an electrical fire needs to be extinguished quickly because it can cause serious damage to your home if not. A fire in paper or wood, on the other hand, can be allowed to burn all it wants as long as it isn't close to people or things that they value.
Fire extinguishers are important tools for preventing fires from spreading and becoming more dangerous. There are two main types of fire extinguishers: dry chemical and wet chemical. Dry chemical extinguishers contain a compound that reacts with any burning liquid that comes into contact with it. This includes many common household chemicals like gasoline, lighter fluid, and oil. Wet chemical extinguishers work by applying a foaming agent to the fire that limits its ability to burn. The three main types of foaming agents are carbon dioxide, halon, and nitrogen.
Carbon dioxide works by displacing air in enclosed spaces so that no oxygen is available for flames to burn. This prevents sparks or flames from escaping through doorways or windows.
Firefighters limit the spread of a fire (or put it out) by eliminating one of the three factors required for a fire to burn: heat, oxygen, or fuel. They reduce heat by sprinkling water or spraying fire retardant to the ground (through pumps or special wildland fire engines) or by air (using helicopters or airplanes). They reduce oxygen by keeping smoke and flame away from sensitive areas (such as near buildings or under trees). They reduce fuel by removing it or blocking its access with dirt (for example, when bulldozing containment lines).
The type of weapon used depends on what kind of fire is burning. For example, if it's a grassfire, then firefighters will use a hand engine to pour oil onto the flames to prevent them from spreading into more dry vegetation. If it's an urban fire, then firefighters will use a high-pressure stream of water to put out the blaze.
Grassfires are common in California. The San Diego Wildfire Department uses aircraft to drop fire retardant on suspected grassfire locations to prevent them from spreading into populated areas. In addition, the department employs bulldozers to create fire breaks - areas cleared of all flammable material - around homes at risk of destruction. These measures help prevent these fires from becoming larger disasters.
Urban fires are common in cities like Los Angeles and San Francisco.