Use a number one diesel for the greatest results. This variety is the most similar to kerosene, making it an excellent alternative. Aromatic chemicals are not present in number one diesel. It has a BTU output of 135,000 per gallon, which is comparable to kerosene. Number 1 diesel can be used in most kerosene heaters.
Number 2 diesel has less aromatic content than number 1, and therefore produces less smoke when burned. It has a BTU output of 105,000 per gallon, which is less than number 1. Number 2 diesel is good for smaller engines or those who don't want as much smoke coming from their fuel source.
Diesel fuel comes in many different grades depending on its aromatics content. Lower-aromatics fuels are better for reducing soot emissions from your engine. If you're interested in buying diesel fuel, look for products that say "super" or "ultra low-diesel" aramatics. These types of fuels will provide greater benefits to your engine.
Diesel cars and trucks run on a completely different fuel system than do traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. Therefore, drivers of both types of vehicles need to adjust their thinking when it comes to storing and using diesel fuel. However, with some knowledge of how each type of vehicle operates, anyone can drive a diesel car safely.
Senior staff member Kerosene will burn cleaner than diesel, but be prepared for problems either way. If you have trouble keeping the engine bay clean with kerosene, consider using diesel instead. The more complex the engine is, the more likely it is that you will have trouble finding a source for kerosene. If you can't find any, try looking in gas stations or convenience stores that sell camping supplies.
Torpedo heaters use kerosene as their fuel and are designed to provide hot water for homes during the winter months. They are most commonly used in areas where there is no electricity available. The heater consists of two parts: a small gasoline or diesel engine and a large metal tank filled with kerosene. As the engine turns the pump, it sends kerosene into the boiler, which produces steam that drives the heating pads attached to the torpedo's shell. The pump can be run manually, by a timer, or by a radio control unit (RCU).
These heaters can get quite expensive, so make sure you know what you're getting yourself into before you buy one. For example, some people think they are better off buying a cheaper model because they expect the heater to break down at some point.
Output of Heat So, which burns hotter: gasoline, diesel, or kerosene? Diesel tops 137,000 BTUs per gallon, whereas gasoline barely exceeds 120,000 BTUs per gallon! Kerosene, which burns at over 132,000 BTUs per gallon, falls just short of diesel.
Gasoline is made up of a number of different hydrocarbons, some of which burn hot and others that don't burn at all. The ones that don't burn tend to be the shorter chain molecules such as methane and ethane. These are called saturated hydrocarbons because all the carbon atoms are attached to hydrogen atoms instead of other carbon atoms (as in an unsaturated hydrocarbon). Saturated hydrocarbons don't burn because there are no free electrons in their molecular shells. They get heated only by absorbing heat from something else that does burn, such as gasoline itself or the metal parts of your car.
Diesel has much higher average combustion temperatures than gasoline because it is mostly made up of straight-chain alkanes that are not branched like gasoline molecules are. This means that each carbon atom is connected to another carbon atom in a line rather than a branch like on a tree. Because there are no branches to absorb energy from something that doesn't burn, these saturated hydrocarbons can burn for very long periods of time without being consumed entirely.
Diesel contains more BTUs per gallon than kerosene, which means it will burn hotter and offer greater lubrication for the fuel pump. Kerosene burns cleaner and so smells less. It also lasts longer because there's less exposed metal in a diesel engine to rust. When you run out of diesel but have plenty of kerosene, you can usually keep your truck running with just the kero.
However, since diesel is heavier than kerosene, you'll need more of it to get the same amount of mileage. Also, don't use dishwashing liquid or other chemicals to clean diesel engines; they may harm the valve cover, intake manifold, and other parts of the engine.
Kerosene is much cheaper than diesel, which is why most big-rig drivers use it instead. But the effects of using kerosene instead of diesel include lower efficiency and increased emissions. A truck using only kerosene would get about 5 miles per gallon instead of 15-20 miles per gallon when filled up with diesel.
Additionally, kerosene causes higher emissions. Since kerosene is made by refining oil, it contains some of the same pollutants as regular gasoline.
Kerosene is another appropriate substitute for "No. 2" home heating oil, a name that specifies its weight and quality. Almost all home heating oil is No. 2; if you use a different weight of oil, diesel may not be an appropriate alternative. Kerosene is sold in 5-gallon containers at most hardware stores and supermarkets. It can be used in place of home heating oil without any changes to your furnace or boiler.
The main difference between home heating oil and kerosene is that kerosene will keep your house warmer even after it has burned while home heating oil provides heat only when you burn it. This is important because not all homes are equipped with the same types of furnaces and boilers, so you need to choose the right fuel for your system. Also, kerosene is usually more expensive than home heating oil.
Both home heating oil and kerosene are priced by the gallon. The first thing to understand is that each type of fuel costs more at high temperatures. This is because higher temperatures require more energy to heat a given amount of water or oil. For example, a gallon of home heating oil costs about $3 to $4 on average, but it would cost over $5 if heated to 400 degrees F (204 C). At one million Btu per hour, this means that home heating oil costs about $3-$4 per thousand Btu's.
You will get the most performance out of your engine if you just use the prescribed gasoline and the additives meant to augment it. When there is no diesel fuel available, kerosene can be used in an emergency, although it is still preferable to use diesel fuel as much as possible. Running on kerosene will also cause some damage to your engine.
The only advantage of using diesel over gasoline is that it does contain more energy per volume unit. This means that you can go longer without stopping to refuel. However, since diesel is more expensive than gasoline, this is not such a good reason to use it exclusively. Also, diesel engines are more complex than their gasoline-powered counterparts so they require more maintenance. Finally, diesel fuels are not available in all countries so if you travel abroad make sure you bring along some with you.
Running your engine on something other than its intended fuel will cause it to wear out faster. If you have an old car and are worried about how you will get around if the gas stations are closed, then you should probably just buy a new one instead of trying to fix this one. Older cars also emit pollutants that are harmful to the environment so if you have been keeping them on kerosene because it is cheaper than buying diesel, then you should probably switch over to the cleaner fuel soon anyway.