Because Washington state does not recognize Columbus Day, Indigenous Peoples' Day does not replace it, nor is it an official city holiday; it is just a day to celebrate Native people. Columbus Day, on the other hand, is a government holiday, therefore mail is not delivered and federal employees are given the day off.
In 2014, President Barack Obama signed a presidential proclamation designating October 14 as Indigenous Peoples' Day. The day was first proposed by Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-Colorado) in 1992 and passed into law by Congress in 1994.
Indigenous peoples around the world continue to fight for recognition of their rights. In 2015, there were several protests across America against the use of Columbus's name and image. These events were held annually on the same date until 2016 when they were moved to April 26 because October 14 is now officially recognized as International Day of Peace.
In Washington state, schools are required by law to provide two hours of instruction on indigenous people and their contributions to our country. This instruction can be provided by having a guest speaker or through educational materials such as books and films.
There are three types of Indians in the United States: Indian tribes, Indian individuals, and Indian companies. Indian tribes are sovereign nations that existed before the founding of the United States and retain sovereignty even after giving up some of its land. There are five tribes in Washington state.
The majority of states that do not formally recognize the holiday have nothing in its stead. However, other states, like Maine, Vermont, and New Mexico, have replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day. Dozens more towns and communities in all 50 states have followed suit. In the state of New York, state Sen. Michael Gianaris has introduced legislation to make October 15th a national day of recognition for Indigenous people. The bill would require the governor to issue an executive order designating such day and would allow counties to declare themselves observant of this day.
In 2014, Governor Cuomo signed into law the New York State Indian Heritage Month Act, which had been passed by the Legislature earlier that year. This act designated April as Indian Heritage Month in New York State and encouraged all New Yorkers to learn more about the contributions made to society by their state's indigenous peoples.
Yes, New York recognizes Indigenous People's Day.
Indigenous Peoples Day is being observed instead of Columbus Day in states, communities, and schools around the country. Columbus Day celebrations began in 1792, when New York City commemorated the 300th anniversary of his arrival. The holiday was made official by the United States Congress in 1962 and is now observed on October 9.
States, cities, and universities across the country have decided to replace Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day. The movement started in 2014 with a series of events called "Day Without Indians" that took place on February 14 of that year. Next year will be the first time that Indigenous Peoples Day replaces Columbus Day at the national level.
In addition to replacing Columbus Day, these events also refuse to honor Christopher Columbus himself on that date. Instead, activists choose to honor those who were originally from North America with actions such as marches, rallies, and other forms of protest.
It should be noted that although these events are taking place in other countries and regions of the world, they are not being organized by any government body. Rather, they are being coordinated locally by groups such as students, artists, writers, activists, and others.
The decision to replace Columbus Day comes after years of activism against the original event.
It is difficult for Indigenous peoples in America because many institutions and governments continue to observe Indigenous Peoples' Day under a different name (Columbus Day). The greatest way for America to replace this day is to recognize it worldwide as Indigenous Peoples' Day.
According to the Associated Press Stylebook, Indigenous Peoples Day is a "holiday honouring the original inhabitants of North America, commemorated instead of Columbus Day in certain U.S. regions," with the objective of uniting people as well as raising awareness about concerns affecting their communities. The holiday was created by Congress in 1994.
In Canada, several provinces have adopted holidays to mark Indigenous Peoples Day. These include Manitoba's Reconciliation Day and New Brunswick's Evangeline's Day.
In 2016, President Barack Obama signed a presidential proclamation making 3 October a national day of action to raise awareness about the ongoing struggles of Native Americans for civil rights. The first such day was held that year.
The president called on all Americans to take part in community events and activities aimed at honoring Native Americans' contributions to this country's history and culture.
Obama noted that thousands of Native Americans had been killed during the course of American history, including many during periods when schools were not allowed to teach them how to handle weapons. He said these deaths were often ignored or justified with false claims such as "manifest destiny" or "civilization."
However, Obama said many more Indians had survived these tragedies to go on to lead full lives. They included artists, musicians, activists, and others who helped shape modern America, he said.