Giving my donkeys a free supply of barley straw has proven to be an effective means of keeping them quiet (as recommended by The Donkey Sanctuary). I manage it by separating a small section of the field (to keep the horses out) and storing straw in a hay hutch. Don't cut the straw too close to the head, as this will cause the donkey to eat more slowly, thus giving him time to panic.
Don't feed your donkey carrots or other vegetables that might be poisonous to him. Also avoid giving him objects that he could choke on such as old rags, sticks, or rocks.
Don't let your donkey drink and eat at the same time, especially if he is hungry. Let him eat first and then give him water. If you have to give him water while he is eating, do so only after you have taken care of any necessary business tasks. For example, if you need to go to the bathroom, then take your donkey to a safe place and give him some water before you go.
Don't let your donkey swim unless you know how deep it is where you are taking him. Some places may not be safe for donkeys to swim in and others might make him nervous. If you choose to take him to the lake or ocean, then make sure that you bring plenty of food and water for both of you.
Donkeys are known as "easy keepers." Donkeys have a very efficient digestive system that converts food into energy more efficiently than horses, and they can survive on lower-quality hay or pasture. In truth, it is quite simple to overfeed a donkey, and they typically do great on green hay. However, if you want your donkey to gain weight or muscle mass, you will need to feed him or her regularly. Donkeys are also very active animals that require plenty of exercise and stimulation in their lives. If left alone in a field all day long, they will develop behavioral problems such as excessive chewing or self-mutilation.
Also, donkeys are not suited for cold climates. They were originally bred for work in the hot sun of Africa, so they cannot stand the cold. If you live in a region where winters are cold or snowy, you should consider another animal such as a horse or pig instead.
Finally, donkeys are social animals that enjoy being part of a group. Unless you intend to use them as labor beasts, don't buy your first donkey at a livestock auction; instead, look for one that has been trained as a pet and is looking for a new home.
Donkeys are loyal and loving animals that make excellent companions for people who like to get out in the nature. They are also good workers if given proper training. However, donkeys are not meant to be left alone for long periods of time.
A clean, dry barn or, at the absolute least, a three-sided shelter is required for donkeys. You'll have to clean up after yourself in this region on a daily basis. Your donkey will also want access to some form of pasturage, since they require plenty of area to roam and munch. A fence can be useful to keep them contained, but don't expect your donkey to be too concerned with what it calls a fence.
Donkeys are very hardy animals that can survive without food or water for several days. However, they do need clean fresh air to breathe so make sure there are no obstructions around their housing area that could affect their ventilation.
Donkeys are used for labor and entertainment purposes so they should always have something to work with or play with. If you aren't going to use your donkey as a source of income then you shouldn't keep him/her in extreme conditions. Donkeys can live in much colder climates than humans but they still need shelter from the wind and rain. If you're keeping your donkey as a pet then you won't have to worry about them needing food or water every day. They can probably go a week without eating or drinking if needed.
Donkeys are very loyal animals that usually choose one "dominant" individual within the group that controls their daily life.