Many people think of chlorine bleach when they think of bleach. However, there are many distinct types of bleach. The most frequent bleach option for laundry is oxygen bleach. Chlorine bleach really works pretty well for stain removal and fabric lightening. It's just not as effective as some of the other options.
All-purpose cleaners contain ingredients that can remove many types of soil from clothes. They're usually sold with labels describing their main ingredient. These labels may include words like "detergent", "soap", "shampoo", or "cleaner". Each type of cleaner has its own characteristics you should consider before choosing one.
Detergents usually contain an alkaline compound such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide to break down oil and grease. They will also often contain enzymes to help promote cleaning. Enzymes are very helpful for removing stains caused by food or beverage colorings. They are also useful for cutting through pet hair. You should use detergents during hot weather or when you have a lot of sweat or oil in your clothes. Otherwise, the chemicals inside the product can become too active and damage your clothes instead of cleaning them.
Soaps contain an alkali (like sodium hydroxide) that breaks down dirt and oil off your clothes. They also contain acids to help remove colors from clothes.
Color-safe bleach works similarly to chlorine bleach in that it may remove difficult stains like red wine or fruit juice. Color safe bleach may do the same things as chlorine bleach, such eliminating stains, brightening clothes, and cleaning laundry, without fading the garments to white. It can be used with equal effectiveness on colors and whites.
Color safe bleaches are available in liquid form and can be used in any standard washing machine. They work by breaking down dye molecules in colored fabrics. For best results, pour a cup of bleach into the washing machine before adding your regular detergent. Let the machine run its cycle and then dump the bleach out before starting another cycle with clean clothes. Avoid areas where there is smoke damage or other chemicals used to treat wool because these substances will be damaged by bleach.
Clothing care specialists recommend using a half cup of bleach for every gallon of water. So if you wash items in hot water, use less bleach than if you were washing them in cold water. Also, avoid exposing clothing to direct sunlight after washing it with bleach or drying it outside. The ultraviolet rays from the sun will ruin any dyed fibers.
Color safe bleaches are useful for people who cannot use regular bleach because it contains chlorine which is harmful if ingested. Children's diapers are common example of something that should not be put in the toilet; they can be disposed of in a trash bin instead.
Chlorinated bleach can be used to bleach all-white laundry. Sort colored laundry into lights and darks, as the dye from darker garments may stain lighter items. Wash the bright and dark items separately in two loads, using non-chlorinated or color-fast bleach in each. Allow all of the loades to sit for an hour before washing them again.
The chlorine in bleach kills some of the colors in clothing, so if you want to keep them that way, you'll have to wash them separately. However, since black is a very common color for people to wear, most brands of bleach will also work on black clothing. You should test a small sample of your clothing before going through the whole load; if any of it won't bleach out well, add more bleach.
Make sure not to pour bleach down the drain. It will clog the pipes.
If you're wondering how much bleach you need, follow this guide: 1 cup of bleach will treat about 4 pounds of laundry. If your laundry room isn't well-ventilated, you might want to wait until it's a safe environment to work in.
Bleaches can be used to whiten, brighten, and remove stains. Here's how you can use bleach on your clothes: Soils are converted into colorless, soluble particles by bleach, which are readily removed by detergents and transported away in the wash water. Bleach may also be used to brighten and whiten clothes, as well as to remove persistent stains. However, it should not be used on silk, wool, or other delicate fabrics because it will ruin them.
When washing colored clothes, add one part household bleach to four parts water. Let the mixture stand for at least 30 minutes before washing. Do not put more than 1% of bleach in a washing machine. It will explode when heated in a dryer.
Clothes that cannot be washed with regular detergent but can be washed in hot water with some additives can be bleached with a solution of 5% available chlorine and 20% sodium hypochlorite (available over-the-counter as a pool shock agent). This process should be done in a washing machine according to the manufacturer's instructions. If this procedure is done outside of a washing machine, then it's best to wear protective clothing while handling chemicals of any kind.
Household bleach has a concentration of about 3%. The amount of bleach needed varies depending on the color and type of fiber in your clothing. Be sure to follow directions on the packaging of the product you choose to use. Some fabrics such as velvet react faster than others and should be treated as such.