240v tools are suitable with household plug sockets, whereas 110v tools are mainly used on the job site. So, if you're performing any house improvement, go with the 240V version of the power tool. Similarly, if you're working on a construction site, you'll need a 110V tool. There are some exceptions though, such as an orbital sander which will work on both 110v and 240v.
Overall, you'll get longer life from your power tool if you use a 120v tool on a 180v socket. However, if you can afford it, then go for the higher voltage tool because it will give you better performance.
The power and operation of 110v and 240v tools are identical. They operate in the same manner and provide the same results. The major grounds for our distinction are worker health and safety, as well as employee well-being.
Why use a 110v tool on a job site? There are two main reasons: first, because it is safer for workers to be near lower voltage equipment; second, because some tasks are easier to perform with lower voltage motors and other equipment. For example, drilling concrete floors requires a high-speed drill capable of producing large amounts of heat and vibration. This would be difficult if not impossible with a 110v tool due to the possibility of damage causing arcing from the tool's motor to nearby electrical wiring or components.
Anyone who works outdoors is at risk of being electrocuted by electricity passing through their body. Workers need reliable equipment that will not malfunction under the stress of hard work and heavy loads. A 110v tool meets these requirements since it can be operated safely away from houses and businesses using only one conductor (wire), while still delivering power to motorized tools. Higher voltage tools require more than one conductor to be attached to a network, which increases the risk of electric shock.
240V tools are just as powerful as 110V tools, and vice versa. Both tools operate in the same manner and provide the same amount of power. The distinction is simply one of health and safety. With 240V equipment, a person can be injured by contacting the live wire while working with tooling connected to an extension cord. With 110V equipment, someone could be hurt by being touched by an energized cable.
The voltage of a circuit determines the amount of power that can be drawn from it. Power is defined as the rate at which energy is transferred either into or out of a system. Energy is the capacity to do work over time. Electricity flows in circuits, and every circuit has two parts: a hot line and a neutral line. Hot lines are always positive, while neutrals are always negative. A conductor is any object that carries a current; therefore, all conductors are responsible for carrying some current even if they are not being fed by a power source. A conductor may be a metal pipe, cabling, or wire. A path is provided for current to travel through a circuit, so that each part of the circuit will have equal opportunity to carry current. A breaker or fuse provides a path for current to escape in case of an overload or short circuit.