The sump pump is continually full with water. To begin, it is totally normal for a sump pump pit to have some water in it. If there is always too much water, there is most likely a problem, especially if you never hear your pump turn on.
If you see water in your sump pit during a rain storm, this means that the tank under your house is filling up and the pump is trying to push all this water out into the street. This could be because there is an open hole in the bottom of your sump pit or because there is an obstruction such as a tree root that is blocking the flow of water out of the pit.
During a rain storm, you should try to keep an eye on your sump pump's battery status. Batteries will die if they are exposed to moisture and heat from within your home, so make sure that your sump pump's battery box is fully enclosed when it isn't in use. Also, consider installing battery-powered lights around your property at night so that you can easily find your sump pump if need be. A dead sump pump is one that never turns on even though power is available. This could be because its motor has failed or because there is something obstructing the flow out of the pump. In any case, a dead pump is in serious danger of flooding your basement.
The water in your sump pit should be no deeper than 2-3 inches. This is plenty to keep your pump pleased and ensure that it performs correctly when needed. Similarly, the pump should start working while the water level is still 6-7 inches below the floor's level. If the pump starts to fail at lower depths, this means there isn't enough flow through it to keep up with the waste it generates.
Water that gets deeper than this will cause your pump to work harder and faster to move the same amount of water. This increased load on the motor can lead to failure sooner.
Also note that if the water gets too deep, it will stop the drain valves from closing completely. This allows water to back up into other parts of the house or crawl space. A full basement is not recommended because it creates more waste that needs to be removed regularly. This adds up over time and can cause problems for another reason: sewer lines cannot handle large amounts of wet debris so they must be periodically cleaned out as well.
Finally, water that gets deeper than 12 inches may require a custom-made sump pump. These are expensive but very efficient because their design focuses on moving larger volumes of water farther down into the base of the pit. People usually don't need such a large pit unless they have a lot of water due to leaky roofs, washing machines, etc.
A sump pump that runs continuously will wear out faster and be more prone to failure. If the pump runs constantly while there is no water in the pit, it is more prone to overheat. Any sump pump failure exposes your basement to floods and serious water damage. A new pump should be installed in any case of severe damage or failure of an existing pump.
Sump pumps come in two main types: electric and mechanical. Electric sump pumps are easier to install and usually less expensive than mechanical pumps. They work by having an electrical motor drive a centrifugal pump. This type of pump can lift up to 10 gallons of water per minute during normal use and continue to operate reliably with as little as 1 gallon of water in the pit. The motor must be connected to electricity at all times while the pump is operating but this type of pump does not need its own power source such as a battery.
Mechanical sump pumps have a metal impeller driven by a motor shaft attached to the top of the pump. These pumps can lift up to 20 gallons of water per minute and continue to operate reliably with as much as 2 feet of water in the pit. Like their electric counterparts, they require continuous power from a separate source unless the pump is being operated by a timer or auto-shutoff device. Mechanical pumps are more durable than electric pumps and should be used where flooding is likely.
An open sump pump is not just unsightly; it is also more likely to clog. If your sump doesn't have a lid, which we see all the time in basements around the country, it will become clogged and unclean over time, slowing or stopping completely. You should try to cover your sump to keep out debris and prevent this from happening.
If you don't cover your sump, then you will need to give it a regular cleaning. The best time to do this is when there is no water in it. Turn off the power at the breaker box before starting any work on your sump pump, especially if there are any electrical components inside it. Remove the screen cover, if there is one, and look inside the pump casing for any debris that may have accumulated. Clean as necessary, replacing the filter, if applicable, and turning the power back on at the breaker box.
Your sump pump will help protect your basement from flooding by removing groundwater that accumulates near the foundation. If your pump isn't working, then this accumulation of water can lead to severe damage done by flooding to your basement flooring, walls, and other belongings.
Open sump pits are common in basements across America. They are easy to install and inexpensive. However, they require constant maintenance to remain functional.
Most of the time, it's completely common for a sump pump to operate continuously after heavy rain, frequently for two or three days in a row. Obviously, during periods of heavy rain, a large amount of water falls on the ground's surface extremely rapidly, and that water needs to go somewhere. The best place for it to go is into your basement, but if there isn't enough space down there for all of the water to go, it will overflow and be forced up through your house's flooring with every cycle of the pump.
This phenomenon can be dangerous for several reasons. First of all, if you have any appliances or items of value in your basement (such as furniture or expensive equipment), then they will most likely be damaged by water that enters your home illegally. Even if the water doesn't reach high enough to cause damage, it still occupies space in your basement that could be used for other things. For example, if there is no light fixture installed in your basement, then there would be nothing stopping water from flooding your basement completely if it experienced significant rainfall while you were away from home for an extended period of time.
Secondly, if you don't have anywhere else to send this water, then it will overflow from your basement into your living room, dining room, or other areas of your house where it can cause serious damage.