Owners of wood burners, stoves, and open fires will no longer be permitted to purchase house coal or wet wood under a prohibition that will go into effect next year. The rule is part of a plan by the California Air Resources Board to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fuel used in homes energy systems. The board says the change will save hundreds of tons of carbon dioxide annually by reducing demand for coal from outside California and cut down on severe air pollution caused by burning wood indoors.
The ban applies to homeowners who currently have a valid permit for their stove or fire and choose to continue using it after January 1, 2014. Anyone who starts a new fire without a permit will be subject to enforcement actions. Visitors to homes with wood-burning appliances also will be required to obtain a permit if they cannot provide proof of having a valid license from another state where burning wood is allowed.
Stoves and fires are responsible for 25 percent of residential greenhouse gases in California. These fuels include gasoline, natural gas, and wood. Wood smoke contains more than 70 known carcinogens. It also contributes to air pollution when burned improperly in the presence of oxygen, such as at high temperatures or when burned inside without adequate ventilation.
Burning wood in an enclosed area without proper ventilation can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning.
The most polluting fuels used in family stoves and open fires will be phased out beginning next year in order to purify the air, according to the government. Owners of wood burners, stoves, and open fires will no longer be able to buy coal or wet wood to burn in them under a prohibition that will go into effect in 2021. The changes are part of an effort to clean up China's air by 2020.
The government has announced a number of measures over the past year aimed at reducing pollution from energy use, including phasing out the use of coal in new homes, schools, and hospitals by 2020. It has also said it will promote electricity usage through solar panels and wind turbines.
China's economy is expected to grow faster than its population this year for the first time in decades, but experts say that will not be enough to make a real difference for its 1.4 billion people. The country needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and improve the efficiency of its equipment if it is to avoid serious environmental damage and health problems for its citizens.
Wet wood in quantities smaller than 2 m3 will be unavailable beginning in February 2021. But, once again, the goal here is to increase the efficiency of wood burners, not to outlaw them. Purchasing a little amount of damp wood might be costly, and unless you season it beforehand, it will create substantially less heat. However, most homeowners don't have to worry about buying such small quantities - most people with woodsheds store enough dry wood for their heat needs throughout the year.
The number of wetwood burners sold last year was about 20,000. The majority of these were in Europe, where regulations governing the use of biomass energy are most strict. Biomass fuel is used instead when other more expensive fuels are available. Wetwood burners are cheaper to operate than natural gas or oil because there's no need for them to be maintained or repaired like an engine, and they produce fewer emissions.
In addition to being efficient, wood burners are attractive. They look nice in homes, and some owners even paint them custom colors. There are also many different styles available, from traditional brick fireplaces to modern metal stoves. Wood burners can be purchased as single units or as part of a complete heating system. This means that you can use the burner by itself if you want a simple way to add warmth to a room, but it's also easy to connect several burners together to get more heat.