Julemanden In Denmark, Santa Claus is known as Julemanden (meaning "the Yule Man") and is reported to arrive on a reindeer-drawn sleigh bearing gifts for the children.
He has been described as a stern-looking man with a long beard and mustache and wears clothes that resemble those of an old Danish farmer. Sometimes he is shown with a young boy who acts as his helper during the holiday season.
In Germany, Spain, and Brazil, Santa Claus is called Papa Noel or Papai Noel, respectively. In France, he is referred to as Saint Nicolas.
In Italy, he is known as Santo Claus or San Nicolò. In Japan, he is called Papa Santa or おやすみさん。
In Greece, he is called Nikolaos Pappas. In India, he is called Father Christmas or Dashera Mataji.
In Israel, he is called Hannukah Guy or Olam Habibi.
In Poland, he is called Ziemowit Sierakowski or Ziemiaś Święty. In South Africa, he is called Dusi. In Australia, he is called Kia Ora Santa.
In a less poetic turn of phrase, Father Christmas/Santa Claus is known as Julemanden in Danish (literally: The Christmas Man), and he is aided by a swarm of Nisse, a type of bad elf similar to the American "elf on the shelf" (some people say they are the original version).
There are two ways to say "Santa" in Danish. One is easy and common for tourists, but may not be accurate for native speakers: Du har julestore! ("You have Christmas store!") This means "You have Christmas goods!" and it is used when talking about stores that have Christmas merchandise inside their shops. The other way is correct for native speakers, but not for tourists: Jesper Santasøn (or simply Jesper Santa) is the name of the character who brings presents to children on Christmas Eve. He is most commonly seen in Copenhagen where he lives, but since he can travel anywhere in the world in one night, he also has many fans across Denmark.
There are several expressions used in Denmark to refer to Santa Claus. One is "Julemanden", which is used almost exclusively to refer to Father Christmas/Santa Claus. However, this term can also be used as a generic term for any kind of festive person who delivers gifts to children on Christmas Eve, so it cannot be used as an exact translation of "Santa".
In Germany, Santa Claus is known as dem Weihnachtsmann, while in some sections of the country's south and east, it is Das Christkind who gives the gifts. At the start of Advent, children write letters to either the Weihnachtsmann or das Christkind, asking for gifts. Then on Christmas Day, they go to church and wait for their gifts under the tree.
Originally, Christians only remembered Jesus' birth once a year on December 25. But as Europe began to adopt many other customs from ancient Rome, including that of Santa Claus, people started storing up gifts all year long in anticipation of Christmas. In 1808, the German Church decided it was too expensive to send priests into remote villages with no churches or schools, so they sent teachers instead. This led to more and more people giving money rather than goods, so in 1873, the policy changed and donations were restricted to food products.
Today, people still give gifts on Christmas Day but they are usually small objects that can be carried in one's pocket. Popular items include chocolate bars, lollipops, biscuits, and toys. As well as being given out by parents, friends, and siblings, gifts may also be provided by shops at Christmas time. These can include clothing items such as socks and underwear, as well as gift cards for restaurants and cafes.
Denmark does not leave anything for Julemanden (Denmark's word for Santa), but they do leave rice pudding for the elves. Pudding made with rice Children leave a bowl of risengrod rice pudding for the elves, who go by the name Nisser and dwell in the attic. They cook and eat it with sugar syrup.
Santa Claus originated in Germany during the 16th century when a priest named St. Nicholas decided to change the pagan traditions of giving gifts on Christmas Day. He started the custom of leaving gifts for children who had been good all year long. The number of gifts he was able to give away limited the amount of money he could spend on himself each year. This inspired another German priest to come up with an idea that would allow Saint Nicholas to have more gifts delivered to needy children all over Europe.
In the United States, where there are many more children than money, the gift-giving tradition has been modified through the years to fit the needs of both children and parents. Today, most kids get the chance to pick out one special gift from a list of their favorites. They can be toys, books, or something else their parents know they will love. And for those who don't want to waste any time waiting for presents to arrive, shopping centers in some states offer a gift registry where people can leave their contact information so that others can send gifts straight to the house after checking it out online.
Julenissen Christmas Eve is the day on which gifts are exchanged. Santa Claus occasionally brings the goodies (called "Julenissen" in Norway). He has been known to bring cookies, candy canes, and oranges. But most often he brings toys.
Father Christmas or Jules Bonifas is the name given to the person who delivers gifts on December 24th. The name comes from the French word for Christmas, "julle." Like the English version of Santa Claus, jules bonifas travels around on a reindeer-drawn sleigh filled with toys for children. But instead of sugar plums, he fills his bag full of nuts and fruits.
In Norway, it is not unusual for parents to exchange gifts with their children's teachers - especially younger teachers - on Christmas Eve. This practice began when schools didn't open on Christmas Day until the 1960s. Parents wanted to give their kids a present but also show them some love at the same time. Thus, teachers were included as recipients of such gifts.
Children like to know what kind of gift they will get from Santa on Christmas Eve. Sometimes they ask him directly, other times they write letters to find out what they want to hear from him.