1 a mead (otherwise known as honey wine). Apples and honey are significant symbols of a delicious new year in this occasion, so this would be an excellent choice. A mature person should be able to drink at least a gallon of this beverage.
2 champagne or other sparkling wine. This alcohol will help you celebrate the start of a new year and new life.
3 whiskey or other alcoholic beverages. The rabbis approved of people drinking on Rosh Hashanah because it is a day of joy and happiness. They believed that alcohol helps reduce anxiety and depression, which can result from starting a new year with all its challenges.
4 coffee or tea. Drinking something hot after eating cold foods like meat may cause your stomach to hurt. For this reason, the rabbis prohibited drinking liquid before or after eating on Rosh Hashanah. However, since coffee is not considered food, it is not regarded as causing such discomfort to the stomach.
5 nothing! The Jewish law requires us to refrain from work and travel on the first day of the new year. This is called "shofar" (a ram's horn) therapy. Drinking anything or doing any kind of work breaks the physical barrier we create by staying still on this day.
Many people are familiar with the Rosh Hashanah ritual of eating apples coated in honey, but there are many other food-related customs celebrating the Jewish New Year. Sweet dishes are popular to represent the sweet year we aspire to have. Many Sephardic households have a Rosh Hashanah seder, where a succession of... fruit and nuts are eaten as symbols of rebirth and renewal.
In Israel, people eat dairy products on Rosh Hashanah because the Torah says "a new month shall you give me". This command applies only to months with thirty days, so Jews don't eat meat and milk products on the first day of the month of Elul, which has thirty-one days.
American Jews often eat white foods on this day due to the widespread practice of reciting the Ten Commandments on this meal. The commandment against idolatry includes not praying to or making an image of any god, so Jews don't eat foods that they believe have been sacrificed to idols during the previous year. White items such as potatoes, eggs, and wheat are especially prohibited.
Green vegetables like spinach and broccoli are recommended for the health benefits they bring, so they're usually included in the meal. Fruit is also part of the traditional Rosh Hashanah table, with apples being most common but other fresh fruits and berries can be used instead. Honey is used as a condiment rather than sugar, since Jews don't eat sweets on this day.
Its rabbinical practices include attending synagogue services, performing a special liturgy concerning teshuva, and feasting on festival foods. Eating symbolic foods, such as apples coated in honey, has become a ritual in an attempt to inspire a pleasant new year. Additional rituals have been adopted over time by different communities.
Festival foods often include dairy products such as cheese and milk, because these foods were consumed during the days of creation. Today, many people eat gluten-free alternatives to replicate this experience. Some popular dishes include:
Lag B'Omer - During the week between Lag B'Omer and Rosh Hashanah, Jews visit holy sites to acknowledge that history is in the making and pray for forgiveness for past sins. Many communities hold special events at the end of the week including reenactments of biblical scenes and parades with colorful floats.
Rosh Hashanah - The Jewish New Year is celebrated for seven days, beginning with Rosh Hashanah, the first day of the new year. It is a time to look back at the previous year and ask God for forgiveness for our faults, and make plans for the coming year to better ourselves so we can be closer to Him.
The Ten Days of Penance - During these ten days, Jews refrain from work and any other activity that might cause them to violate their faith in God.
On Rosh Hashanah evenings, it is usual to consume Simanim dishes in order to have a pleasant new year. Apples coated in honey are the most well-known siman. Along with the blessing, this is eaten at the start of Rosh Hashanah supper. May it be Your will, Adonai, God of our forebears, to rejuvenate us for a pleasant and beautiful new year. Blessed are You, Adonai, King of kings.
The following list includes some common simanim dishes that may be eaten on Rosh Hashanah evening:
Applesauce - One apple per person is eaten with a spoonful of applesauce. This represents the spiritual renewal we hope for each day throughout the year.
Bread - Usually pita or bagels, but also white or whole wheat bread if desired. This represents the spiritual sustenance we need daily to stay focused on Torah study.
Gelato - Ice cream is a popular dessert in Israel. However, since ice cream contains milk, which is prohibited on Yom Tov, many substitute gels for desserts on Yom Tov. The gelato represents the sweetness of Torah study, which should be pursued even on the day of judgment.
Honey - Since honey is considered a delicacy in Israel, it is customary to eat lots of it on Rosh Hashanah. It is believed that eating much-desired food at the beginning of a new cycle brings about its fulfillment.
Rosh Hashanah's Symbolic Foods
Fluffy challah, savory brisket, and oh-so-moist apple cake The Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashanah, is a time to reflect on the previous year and look forward to the next one. Favorites for the holiday's festive dinner include yeasty challah, matzo ball soup, and honey-dipped apples.
The first night of Rosh Hashanah is called "Bein HaShoavim" (the nights of viewing). During this period, Jews take out their books and study them thoroughly. They ask forgiveness for their sins and hope for a better future year.
The main dish for Rosh Hashanah is usually chicken or turkey because it is thought that since these animals eat bugs, they learn not to do so themselves. But people also eat fish on this day because it is believed that since humans have no wings, they should not complain about the bad things that happen to them.
Vegetables are not allowed on the holiday because it is believed that during the war in Israel's history, many soldiers died from eating non-kosher foods. However, some rabbis permit rice and potatoes because these foods are easy to cook with limited ingredients.
Fruit is permitted on Rosh Hashanah but only if you can find fresh examples because dried fruits are considered more nutritious than their fresh counterparts. Apples are the fruit of choice because they are believed to bring good fortune.