It's a promise for tomorrow and a promise for the future. " North and South Dakota, as well as Hawaii, were the only states that did not recognize Juneteenth as a holiday at the start of 2021. This year, North Dakota and Hawaii both enacted legislation to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday.
Though not a federal holiday, Juneteenth is observed as a state or ceremonial holiday in 47 states and the District of Columbia. North Dakota, South Dakota, and Hawaii are the only three states that do not observe the holiday. In 1980, Texas became the first state to recognize the holiday. It has since been followed by Virginia and its former capital, Washington, D.C.
In the United States, individuals have had little influence on when or how states celebrate Juneteenth. Instead, state holidays are established by legislation that can be passed at any time by the legislature or by executive order. Only certain states, such as Texas, also honor Juneteenth with a public holiday. Most cities across the country do not have an official recognition of Juneteenth; however, some place special events on that day while others may simply mention the event in their annual reports.
State laws regarding Juneteenth vary but most require some form of acknowledgment in some government office. Some states, like Texas, also provide financial support for local celebrations. Though the date does not coincide with Easter or Independence Day, many states including California, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming allow for states' rights days.
In addition to the federal government declaring Juneteenth a federal holiday, 49 states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws making it a holiday or commemoration. Juneteenth is an official paid holiday for state employees in Texas, New York, Virginia, Washington, and Illinois. It is also a public day of observance for citizens to reflect on their rights and responsibilities as free people.
Juneteenth was first celebrated across the country in 1978 after its founder, Harry Belafonte, invited listeners to listen to the speech given by President Johnson at that time. Since then, it has become a celebration of freedom with concerts, parties, and discussions about what it means to be free.
The term "Juneteenth" comes from when newspapers would publish news of the event on June 19th. The date was chosen because it was once thought that the war's end was imminent. Now we know this was not the case, but many events that have happened since then have had a impact on how Juneteenth is remembered today. For example, some groups choose to ignore the date and label it as "the real Fourth of July" because they believe it should be observed as soon as possible after the war's end.
There are still areas of the country where people do not even know that Juneteenth exists. However, more and more cities and towns are celebrating the event every year.
In the United States, Juneteenth is a federal holiday. Congress enacted legislation creating the holiday on June 16, 2021, and U.S. President Joe Biden signed it into law the next day. It will be the first time since 1865 that Americans have been given legal permission to gather to celebrate their victory over slavery.
All previous attempts at legislating Juneteenth as a national holiday had failed. The National Juneteenth Observance Committee was formed in 2019 to promote awareness of this event through community service and educational activities.
States that have passed resolutions declaring Juneteenth a state holiday include Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Delaware has also passed such a resolution but it has not taken effect yet. Juneteenth is not a state holiday in any other country.
Juneteenth is the anniversary of when slaves in Texas learned about the Emancipation Proclamation. On June 19, 1866, news of the proclamation reached Galveston via ship from Africa. The event is considered by many to be the official beginning of the civil rights movement in the United States.
Many scholars believe that the holiday was created to honor the contribution of blacks to the war effort.
Legislators in Hawaii and North Dakota have already passed bills commemorating the festival this year. Only six states have declared Juneteenth an official state holiday, including Texas, Massachusetts, New York, Virginia, Washington, and Oregon.
The first of January is not a national bank holiday. Banks will be closed in only a few places tomorrow because it is a holiday. In January 2021, banks in India will be closed for at least 15 days, including four Sundays and the second and fourth Saturdays. The first of January, however, is not a national bank holiday.
Juneteenth is a holiday in the United States that commemorates the abolition of slavery. It is also known as Emancipation Day or Independence Day on Juneteenth. The name "Juneteenth" refers to the holiday's date by combining the words "June" and "nineteenth."
Slavery was abolished in the United States on June 19, 1865. However, it took another year before all slaves were granted their freedom. During that time, some slaves fled to free states or territories, while others were able to secure their freedom through the help of underground networks.
In 1866, the last slave trade occurred in the United States. In 1987, Congress passed legislation to declare June 19th as National Juneteenth Observance day.
Today, millions of Americans celebrate Juneteenth. The holiday is most popular in Texas, but also held in several other states including Virginia, Louisiana, and Alabama.
In Texas, Juneteenth is celebrated with parades, barbecues, and music. The holiday is also an opportunity for families to get together and enjoy each other's company.
There are many theories about how and when the term "Juneteenth" became popular. Some say it originated in Texas while others claim it was first used in Chicago. What we do know is that the holiday was not widely observed until years after the end of slavery.