The condenser for your air conditioner is housed in the huge, square unit outside your home. Although the unit as a whole is referred to as the "condenser unit," it really consists of several components, including the condenser tubes and fins, the compressor, a fan, copper tubing, and valves and switches.
An electrical connection must be made between the air-conditioning system and the power source. This connection is called the "branch circuit." The location of the branch circuit depends on where you want your air conditioner to live. If you want the unit to be mobile, then the branch circuit should be as close as possible to the unit. This way, there will be no long cables running into or out of your house.
If you want the unit to stay in one place but still receive its own power source, then a panel box needs to be installed first. This box is used by a local utility company to supply electricity to other homes in the area. It should be mounted at least 30 inches from any surface that might conduct heat, such as a concrete block wall or metal roof. The technician must use special tools to make these connections safely and properly.
After the branch circuit and panel are done, the next step is to connect the compressor motor to them both. This can be done many different ways depending on what type of air conditioner you have.
The outside component is the air conditioner condenser, which is normally situated outside the home. It is the component in charge of chilling the air conditioner since it plays a significant part in heat transmission. The condenser should be located in a location where it will not be damaged by weather conditions or vehicle traffic.
The inside component is the air conditioner evaporator, which is normally housed within the home. It is the component that absorbs heat from the surrounding environment and transfers it into the refrigerant stream, where it can be transported away from the house by the airflow generated by the compressor. The evaporator should be located in a area with sufficient space for it to properly absorb heat without being blocked by furniture or other objects.
Air conditioners function on a simple principle: heat enters the system through the intake vent/drip pan (if applicable) and passes into the compressor. The compressor uses electricity to turn a motor, which in turn turns a shaft connected to the output fan. This action causes the refrigerant to circulate throughout the system, allowing it to pass from the compressor to the expansion valve to the receptacle coil where it becomes cool. The refrigerant then returns to the compressor, completing one cycle. In order for this process to occur efficiently, the components must work together harmoniously.
A condenser (or AC condenser) is the outside part of an air conditioner or heat pump that, depending on the time of year, either releases or gathers heat. Split air conditioners and heat pump condensers use the same fundamental components. The condenser coil, a compressor, a fan, and other controls are all housed in the condenser cabinet. The compressor turns on when you turn on your air conditioner or heat pump unit and off when you turn it off.
The function of the condenser is to release thermal energy from a refrigerant vapor into its liquid state. This occurs because as the vapor passes through the condenser it comes into contact with many small water droplets suspended in the air flow. When the vapor contacts the droplets, they deposit some of their heat into the vapor changing it back into a liquid. The cooled vapor then enters the expansion valve where it is routed into the appropriate ductwork for delivery into rooms or areas of your home. As the vapor changes states again it becomes airborne particles such as dust or fog. These particles are then removed by the fan.
There are two types of condensers used in heat pumps: split-system condensers and single-zone condensers. A split-system condenser delivers conditioned air to both the inside and outside spaces of a house. It does this by using two separate evaporator coils--one for each space. A single-zone condenser only supplies conditioned air to one area of the home at a time.