Determine the location of the fire alarm control panel. A main panel is typically used to operate fire alarm systems in big commercial buildings. These panels are frequently found in breaker rooms or janitor's closets. Smaller panels may be located in other parts of the building, such as a nurse's station or security office.
The local fire code will specify where fire alarms must be located. Fire departments need to know where you plan to install your fire alarm system if they have questions about its design or installation. Know the location of the alarm controls before you start work on your project so you can tell firefighters where to find them in case of an emergency.
Fire alarms should be placed at least 18 inches from walls and ceilings. This gives firefighters enough space to reach all parts of the room without climbing or hanging from ropes. Install fire alarms at least 10 feet away from heat sources such as stoves, hot pipes, and radiators. This prevents accidental activation by people who are not aware of the danger.
Fire alarms should be mounted high up on walls or ceilings where they cannot be seen by people who are not in the room. This will help ensure that everyone knows there is a problem with their safety equipment.
Do not use nail-less wood screws to attach fire alarms to wood surfaces.
Fire alarms are an essential component of any complete fire prevention system. Fire alarms are sometimes "single-station" systems, which means they are linked to smoke detectors, heat sensors, sprinkler heads, and pull stations in the building but do not automatically alert the fire service. Smoke detectors must be installed within 15 feet of each heating source (including space heaters). Heat sensors should be placed in critical areas to detect possible fires before they spread. Sprinklers must be located in close proximity to a working fire alarm to be effective.
In general, if all these components are present and operating properly, then a fire will trigger the alarm. However many times fire alarms will go off accidentally by themselves or due to other causes such as natural disasters like floods or earthquakes. This is called "false alarms". If this happens often, people get discouraged from taking action to fight the fire which is why most buildings have fire suppression systems to prevent false alarms.
False alarms cost money to combat and may even cause damage if you need to act quickly because you know there is no fire. It is important that anyone who has access to triggering devices such as pull stations or pagers understand their operation so they can take appropriate action if needed. Building owners/managers should also be aware of how these devices work so they do not become disabled during an emergency.
If the control panel is in a common location for all building users and automated detection is used, it should be in a protected area. An alarm sounder should be placed near the control unit but not too close to the phone position. This will help prevent false alarms due to vibration from vehicles passing by or telephones ringing.
The control panel should be located so that it is accessible from any room in the building but not visible from outside the building. This way, anyone can repair or replace them if needed.
Fire alarm systems should be located away from occupied rooms and areas of high heat or smoke production. This allows enough time to notify everyone inside of an emergency and gives firefighters adequate time to arrive on scene.
Control panels are usually mounted on the wall and contain three main components: power source, contactors (for opening and closing circuits), and indicators (such as lights). They are also designed to detect fire and trigger the alarm. Control panels can be manual or automatic. Automatic control panels do not require someone to press a button to activate their system. Instead, they use sensors such as thermal sensors or photoelectric cells to detect flames or other signs of fire. From there, they can automatically open certain valves to release pressure from the system tanks or they can send electricity to alarm bells or sirens to alert people of the fire.